Current Directions in Psychological Science Podcast
Personality Change Through Digital-Coaching Interventions

Personality Change Through Digital-Coaching Interventions

November 9, 2022

By definition, personality traits are relatively stable, but recent research has begun to investigate whether individuals can intentionally change their personalities. One intervention that might lead to personality change relies on the use of digital applications to coach people on achieving their desired personality change. Allemand and Flückiger provided a rationale for nonclinical personality-change interventions, noting that personality traits predict several life outcomes, personality change can lead to better health, and many studies have already indicated that personality traits are malleable.  

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Mathias Allemand, Professor in the Department of Psychology at University of Zurich in Switzerland.

Field Experiments on Social Media

Field Experiments on Social Media

October 26, 2022

Studying online behavior can further understanding of misinformation and political psychology. Mosleh and colleagues discuseds the strengths, weaknesses, and ethical constraints of two approaches to studying online behavior: hybrid lab-field experiments and field experiments. In hybrid lab-field studies, researchers can control and randomize participants’ exposure to social-media content in the lab and then, in the field, survey participants’ attitudes and beliefs as well as observe their online behavior. In field experiments, researchers can use the online environment to manipulate social media exposure (e.g., via private messages or public posts) without disclosing their research and then observe the effects of the manipulation on participants’ online behavior.  

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Mohsen Mosleh, Lecturer at the University of Exeter Business School, a Fellow at Alan Turing Institute, and a Research Affiliate at MIT Sloan School of Management.

Daylong Mobile Audio Recordings Reveal Multitimescale Dynamics in Infants’ Vocal Productions and Auditory Experiences

Daylong Mobile Audio Recordings Reveal Multitimescale Dynamics in Infants’ Vocal Productions and Auditory Experiences

October 12, 2022

Warlaumont and colleagues reviewed recent research about how infants’ vocal productions and auditory experiences are organized over a day, with implications for development. Everyday vocalizations appear to be clustered hierarchically in time (e.g., there is more difference in vocalization quantity from one hour to the next hour than from one 5-min interval to the next). Vocalizations also appear to be a type of exploratory foraging for social responses, with patterns of vocal exploration changing as children develop. Regarding the sounds infants encounter, different musical frequencies may foster learning about category generalization.

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Anne Warlaumont, Professor in the Department of Communication at University of California, Los Angeles.

What’s to Come of All This Tracking “Who We Are”? The Intelligence Example

What’s to Come of All This Tracking “Who We Are”? The Intelligence Example

September 28, 2022

Despite increased requirements and encouragements to track what we do and how we do it in different areas of our lives, from job performance to sleep and diet, evidence suggests that constant tracking might not help that much with health and well-being and instead might have dire social consequences. Johnson uses human intelligence, which has been the object of efforts to track for more than 100 years, as an example of tracking’s social consequences. The author suggests the potential for tracking activities to lead society into a dystopian future, much like the one portrayed in Huxley’s Brave New World.  

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Wendy Johnson, Professor in the School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences at the University of Edinburgh.

Do Social Networking Sites Influence Well-Being? The Extended Active-Passive Model

Do Social Networking Sites Influence Well-Being? The Extended Active-Passive Model

September 14, 2022

According to the active-passive model, social networking sites (SNSs) can increase well-being when used actively to interact with others but can decrease well-being when their content is passively consumed. However, this distinction might not fully capture the sites’ nuanced effects on well-being. Verduyn and colleagues propose the extended active-passive model of SNS use, which organizes active use into reciprocity and communion facets, organizes passive use into achievement and self-relevance facets, and crosses all usage types with user characteristics. Thus, active use may not always be positive, and passive use may not always be negative. 

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Philippe Verduyn, Professor in the Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Maastricht.

Parsing ADHD with Temperament Traits

Parsing ADHD with Temperament Traits

August 31, 2022

Developing the understanding of ADHD heterogeneity appears promising when researchers consider dimensions of trait affectivity. These dimensions can include surgency (i.e., high levels of sociability, activity, and positive emotion) and negative affectivity; their constituent lower-order traits, such as irritability; and the integrative function of self-regulation. Several lines of investigation focusing on ADHD and temperament traits (related to emotional regulation and dysregulation) are proving useful. Work in this area has the potential to improve theory, nosology, and clinical assessment in the future.

To discuss this research, Dr. Teresa Treat, Professor of Psychology at University of Iowa, interviews Joel Nigg, Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience at the Oregon Health and Science University.

Neuroticism and Disorders of Emotion: A New Synthesis

Neuroticism and Disorders of Emotion: A New Synthesis

April 27, 2022

Dr. Teresa Treat, Professor of Psychology at University of Iowa, interviews David Barlow, Professor Emeritus of Psychology and Psychiatry at Boston University, and Founder of the Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders. 

Interviewed on February 10, 2022.

Research Domain Criteria (RDoC): Progress and Potential

Research Domain Criteria (RDoC): Progress and Potential

February 27, 2022

Dr. Teresa Treat, Professor of Psychology at University of Iowa, interviews Bruce Cuthbert, Head of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) Unit at the United States National Institute of Mental Health. 

Interviewed on February 8, 2022.

Evidence and Implications from a Natural Experiment of Prenatal Androgen Effects on Gendered Behavior

Evidence and Implications from a Natural Experiment of Prenatal Androgen Effects on Gendered Behavior

November 19, 2021

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Sheri Berenbaum, Professor of Psychology and Pediatrics at Penn State University.

Interviewed on August 6, 2021

The Fetal Origins of Human Psychological Development

The Fetal Origins of Human Psychological Development

October 19, 2021

Robert Goldstone of the Percepts and Concepts Laboratory at Indiana University and editor of the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science interviews Vincent Reid, Professor of Psychology and Head of School at the University of Waikato in New Zealand. 

Interviewed on August 2, 2021

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